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Information & Helpful Advice

Osteoarthritis is a common condition that affects joints, causing pain and stiffness. Here are some key points about osteoarthritis:

  1. Symptoms:

    • Joint Pain and Stiffness: The main symptoms of osteoarthritis include joint pain and stiffness. These can vary in severity and may affect different joints.

    • Other Symptoms: Some people may experience swelling, tenderness, or a grating or crackling sound when moving the affected joints.

    • Commonly Affected Joints: Osteoarthritis often affects the knees, hips, and small joints of the hands.

  2. Causes:

    • Cartilage Breakdown: Osteoarthritis occurs due to the breakdown of protective cartilage on the ends of bones.
      This leads to pain, swelling, and mobility issues.

    • Risk Factors:

      • Joint Injury: Overusing a joint before it has fully healed after an injury or surgery.

      • Other Conditions: Osteoarthritis can develop in joints already damaged by
        conditions like rheumatoid arthritis or gout.

      • Age: Risk increases with age.

      • Family History: Osteoarthritis may run in families.

      • Obesity: Excess weight puts strain on joints, especially knees and hips.

      • Gender: It is more common in women.

  3. Diagnosis:

    • A GP will assess your symptoms and examine your joints.

    • Common indicators include age over 45, worsening joint pain with use, and joint stiffness lasting less than 30 minutes in the morning.

    • Further tests (such as X-rays or blood tests) may be used to rule out other conditions.

  4. Treatment Options:

    • Draig Balm - Herbal Muscle Rub
      Prescribed Medications: Drugs.

    • Procedures:

      • Arthroplasty: Replacing the affected joint with an artificial one.

      • Arthrodesis: Fusing joints (reduces pain but limits movement).

      • Osteotomy: Adding or removing a segment from knee joints.

    • Therapies:

      • Physical Therapy: Strengthens muscles around joints.

      • Occupational Therapy: Helps with daily tasks.

    • Self-Care:

Remember to consult a healthcare provider for personalized advice and management of osteoarthritis.

Osteoarthritis attacks fingers and hands
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